The LoRaWAN specification is a Low Power Wide Area (LPWA) network protocol designed to wirelessly connect battery operated ‘things’ to the internet in regional, national or global networks. The protocol includes features that support low-cost, mobile, and secure bi-directional communication for Internet of Things (IoT), machine-to-machine (M2M), smart city & industrial applications. LoRaWAN protocol is optimised for low power consumption and is designed to scale from a single gateway installation up to large global networks with billions of devices. Innovative features of the LoRaWAN specification include support for redundant operation, geolocation, low-cost, and low-power: Devices can even run on energy harvesting technologies enabling the mobility and bringing true ease of use to the Internet of Things.
LoRaWAN™ Specification Documents
The LoRaWAN™ specification documents are developed and maintained by the LoRa Alliance: an open association of collaborating members. To fully define the LoRaWAN protocol, and to ensure interoperability among devices and networks, the LoRa Alliance develops and maintains the following documents:
- Core LoRaWAN Specification
- Regional Parameters
- Certification Program
- Back-End Interfaces
While these specifications define the technical implementation, they do not define any commercial model or type of deployment (public, shared, private, enterprise) and so offer the industry the freedom to innovate and differentiate in how a LoRaWAN system is implemented.
The specification defines the and so provides seamless interoperability between manufacturers, as demonstrated via the device certification program.
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