LMIC upload issue Arduino IDE

Hey guys,

i am using an ESP32 LoRa module from Heltec and tried to register my
device at TTN. Everytime i compile the otaa-demo sketch from the arduino
LMIC library the IDE is showing me errors and stops uploading the
sketch. The error says: “LMIC_getsessionkeys was not declared in this
scope…”
Have you heared about this issue before? Can you please give me further
information, on how to succesfully register my device at TTN so i am
able to upload sensor data?

Thank you for your support!

Best Regards,
Wunderbar

did you create a device in your console ?

  • did you see the specialised topics on this board ?
  • please show your (formatted) code

Yes, i created an app and a device with DevEUI and AppEUI!

What do you mean with “specialised topics”?

I have used the standard LMIC OTAA-demo sketch from the library, here it is:

#include <lmic.h>
#include <hal/hal.h>
#include <SPI.h>

//
// For normal use, we require that you edit the sketch to replace FILLMEIN
// with values assigned by the TTN console. However, for regression tests,
// we want to be able to compile these scripts. The regression tests define
// COMPILE_REGRESSION_TEST, and in that case we define FILLMEIN to a non-
// working but innocuous value.
//
#ifdef COMPILE_REGRESSION_TEST
#define FILLMEIN 0
#else
#warning “You must replace the values marked FILLMEIN with real values from the TTN control panel!”
#define FILLMEIN (#dont edit this, edit the lines that use FILLMEIN)
#endif

// This EUI must be in little-endian format, so least-significant-byte
// first. When copying an EUI from ttnctl output, this means to reverse
// the bytes. For TTN issued EUIs the last bytes should be 0xD5, 0xB3,
// 0x70.
static const u1_t PROGMEM APPEUI[8]={ 0x95, 0xB0, 0x01, 0xD0, 0x7E, 0xD5, 0xB3, 0x70 };
void os_getArtEui (u1_t* buf) { memcpy_P(buf, APPEUI, 8);}

// This should also be in little endian format, see above.
static const u1_t PROGMEM DEVEUI[8]={ 0x5F, 0x07, 0x82, 0x7F, 0x64, 0xB4, 0xE2, 0x00 };
void os_getDevEui (u1_t* buf) { memcpy_P(buf, DEVEUI, 8);}

// This key should be in big endian format (or, since it is not really a
// number but a block of memory, endianness does not really apply). In
// practice, a key taken from ttnctl can be copied as-is.
static const u1_t PROGMEM APPKEY[16] = { 0x63, 0x7B, 0x54, 0x4C, 0xAF, 0x6D, 0xC8, 0x97, 0x96, 0xE2, 0x56, 0xA2, 0xA2, 0x62, 0xD9, 0xB8 };
void os_getDevKey (u1_t* buf) { memcpy_P(buf, APPKEY, 16);}

static uint8_t mydata[] = “Hello, world!”;
static osjob_t sendjob;

// Schedule TX every this many seconds (might become longer due to duty
// cycle limitations).
const unsigned TX_INTERVAL = 60;

// Pin mapping
const lmic_pinmap lmic_pins = {
.nss = 18,
.rxtx = LMIC_UNUSED_PIN,
.rst = 14,
.dio = {26, 33, 32}
};

void onEvent (ev_t ev) {
Serial.print(os_getTime());
Serial.print(": ");
switch(ev) {
case EV_SCAN_TIMEOUT:
Serial.println(F(“EV_SCAN_TIMEOUT”));
break;
case EV_BEACON_FOUND:
Serial.println(F(“EV_BEACON_FOUND”));
break;
case EV_BEACON_MISSED:
Serial.println(F(“EV_BEACON_MISSED”));
break;
case EV_BEACON_TRACKED:
Serial.println(F(“EV_BEACON_TRACKED”));
break;
case EV_JOINING:
Serial.println(F(“EV_JOINING”));
break;
case EV_JOINED:
Serial.println(F(“EV_JOINED”));
{
u4_t netid = 0;
devaddr_t devaddr = 0;
u1_t nwkKey[16];
u1_t artKey[16];
LMIC_getSessionKeys(&netid, &devaddr, nwkKey, artKey);
Serial.print("netid: ");
Serial.println(netid, DEC);
Serial.print("devaddr: ");
Serial.println(devaddr, HEX);
Serial.print(“artKey: “);
for (size_t i=0; i<sizeof(artKey); ++i) {
Serial.print(artKey[i], HEX);
}
Serial.println(””);
Serial.print(“nwkKey: “);
for (size_t i=0; i<sizeof(nwkKey); ++i) {
Serial.print(nwkKey[i], HEX);
}
Serial.println(””);
}
// Disable link check validation (automatically enabled
// during join, but because slow data rates change max TX
// size, we don’t use it in this example.
LMIC_setLinkCheckMode(0);
break;
/*
|| This event is defined but not used in the code. No
|| point in wasting codespace on it.
||
|| case EV_RFU1:
|| Serial.println(F(“EV_RFU1”));
|| break;
/
case EV_JOIN_FAILED:
Serial.println(F(“EV_JOIN_FAILED”));
break;
case EV_REJOIN_FAILED:
Serial.println(F(“EV_REJOIN_FAILED”));
break;
case EV_TXCOMPLETE:
Serial.println(F(“EV_TXCOMPLETE (includes waiting for RX windows)”));
if (LMIC.txrxFlags & TXRX_ACK)
Serial.println(F(“Received ack”));
if (LMIC.dataLen) {
Serial.print(F(“Received “));
Serial.print(LMIC.dataLen);
Serial.println(F(” bytes of payload”));
}
// Schedule next transmission
os_setTimedCallback(&sendjob, os_getTime()+sec2osticks(TX_INTERVAL), do_send);
break;
case EV_LOST_TSYNC:
Serial.println(F(“EV_LOST_TSYNC”));
break;
case EV_RESET:
Serial.println(F(“EV_RESET”));
break;
case EV_RXCOMPLETE:
// data received in ping slot
Serial.println(F(“EV_RXCOMPLETE”));
break;
case EV_LINK_DEAD:
Serial.println(F(“EV_LINK_DEAD”));
break;
case EV_LINK_ALIVE:
Serial.println(F(“EV_LINK_ALIVE”));
break;
/

|| This event is defined but not used in the code. No
|| point in wasting codespace on it.
||
|| case EV_SCAN_FOUND:
|| Serial.println(F(“EV_SCAN_FOUND”));
|| break;
*/
case EV_TXSTART:
Serial.println(F(“EV_TXSTART”));
break;
default:
Serial.print(F("Unknown event: "));
Serial.println((unsigned) ev);
break;
}
}

void do_send(osjob_t* j){
// Check if there is not a current TX/RX job running
if (LMIC.opmode & OP_TXRXPEND) {
Serial.println(F(“OP_TXRXPEND, not sending”));
} else {
// Prepare upstream data transmission at the next possible time.
LMIC_setTxData2(1, mydata, sizeof(mydata)-1, 0);
Serial.println(F(“Packet queued”));
}
// Next TX is scheduled after TX_COMPLETE event.
}

void setup() {
Serial.begin(9600);
Serial.println(F(“Starting”));

#ifdef VCC_ENABLE
// For Pinoccio Scout boards
pinMode(VCC_ENABLE, OUTPUT);
digitalWrite(VCC_ENABLE, HIGH);
delay(1000);
#endif

// LMIC init
os_init();
// Reset the MAC state. Session and pending data transfers will be discarded.
LMIC_reset();

// Start job (sending automatically starts OTAA too)
do_send(&sendjob);

}

void loop() {
os_runloop_once();
}

related topics

Yes, i can’t seem to find something there.

Is it possible that i need some AddOn for the use of the LMIC Library? It really confuses me that the example sketches that i’ve tried are giving back compiling errors by the Arduino IDE on the functions that are used.

realise that this part of the code

// Pin mapping
const lmic_pinmap lmic_pins = {
.nss = 18,
.rxtx = LMIC_UNUSED_PIN,
.rst = 14,
.dio = {26, 33, 32}
};

is for most boards different, also there are different LMIC versions.
for HELTEC is information available on this forum.

I already adjusted the pin mapping for my HELTEC board

The compiler is showing me errors on the functions that are used, even if i use different versions of LMIC
(i have tried LMIC-arduino, MCCI, LMICPP so far)

I thought that there where different HW versions … maybe be more specific what board you exactly use ?

What do you mean with HW version?

I am using this board:

SOLVED

I tried unistalling the LMIC Library and reinstalling it. I also changed the Baudrate to 115200, now everything works fine!

Thanks for your support!

1 Like

I tried using a Arduino Uno board with a LoRa shield (from Jacar) and it just would not work. After days of troubleshooting I realised that the Uno did not have enough storage space to fit the sketch. I swaped it for a Arduino Mega and it works fine now.