LoRa outdoor gateways, what to buy?

I am want to buy an Outdoor gateway to cover a wider area than possible with an indoor version. But what to buy ? My criteria are coverage, price, design and energy consumption. The last is barely fround in any document. Of course I don’t want to run an additionaly server. I started with the TTN indoor gateway, which covers for about 3km.
For an Outdoor gateway like the Dragino DLOS8, which is 250€ and consumes about 6 Watts. But, what’s it coverage ?
An alternative could be The Things Outdoor gateway, which is stated to cover about 10km, but no info is provided about energy consumption and it costs some more. Here a setup is provided at TTN, which is missing for the Dragineo gateway.

So, what do you recommend ? Which low cost gateway is the best ?

Unless the manufacturer did something wrong, coverage really depends on the antenna and location.

Power consumption of the LoRa part of a gateway is going to be around 3-3.5 watts average, add to that what the embedded computer draws, what a mobile data modem (if used) draws. And then the big question is the efficiency of the power supply, ie, the LoRa card has a linear regulator that will increase the power to run the radio by 50%. Ultimately you’ll probably see most gateway falling in the 5-8 watt range.

The big thing to realize is that ordinary gateway really aren’t that different radio wise - mostly its the embedded computer, how that is managed, the packaging, heat removal and power conversion where they differ.

Help us out here - what are you trying to achieve - particularly as you are focused on power consumption - do you need solar - how are you connecting to the internet?

Think in terms of what it would cost you for failure - a few $$$ more may make the difference between success & failure.

One option is two or even three well placed gateways …

Setup for the DLOS8 is a no brainer. Don’t let that be the decider. (My early release TTOG was harder to configure)
Performance will not be too different. The antenna used and its placing will be a bigger factor when it comes to coverage. The TTOG with the antenna mounted at a sub optimal location had difficulty covering 3 km. With a better antenna position the same unit has >20km ‘hits’.
I haven’t been able to test the DLOS8 under similar conditions but initial tests show excellent performance.

I think the biggest difference is the build quality. The TTOG has a metal case with sturdy mounts. The DLOS8 uses a plastic case with (for me) too small screws. I have decided not to mount the DLOS8 as is at places where it will be exposed to high winds.

My DLOS8 and TTOG are both mounted in full sun in the ‘heatwave’ in NL and both run without issue. The TTOG was outside during last winter as well without any issues. (No data on that for the DLOS8 yet as the product is too new).

Dragino has implemented the beginnings of a remote management solution into their latest firmware. (I modified it a bit for more resilience) As I have one of the early TTOGs that has been deployed almost from the start (and I haven’t been able to update the firmware because that involves taking it down from a 15 meter church tower) I can’t speak for its remote management capabilities.

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Given that you can find sites for multiple gateways. I have gateways in the attic waiting for someone from the (local) TTN community to give them roof space…

TTN saves puppies, kittens & babies - I find one simple device deployed in an area helps sell the concept …