The BIG and SMALL ANTENNA topic part 1


Still on my todo list. :slightly_smiling_face:
I’ve got the copper tube and SMA connectors waiting here already.

Is the white insulator material of the SMA connector heat (solder iron) proof?
(PTFE like or more PVC like?)

Did you take into account the length of the ground part of the SMA connector (about 3mm), for determining / adjusting the length of the ground reflector parts?

(Schneider Da) #412

Yes, it usually is made from PTFE.


I only have three, so better know in advance (but will discover it for real only when soldering, and can’t change them anyway). They come from AliExpress so you never know for sure… :confused:

I have had some Chinese scope leads with pretty bad BNC connectors where the insulator material was PVC like (and the pins easily broke).

You did make a nice 3D soldering stand. I will have to do without it. Will probably be quite a challenge to solder the correct angles.

(Schneider Da) #414

You can use the CAD design (OnShape link is at the bottom of the blog page) for dimensions. I am not sure if you can measure stuff without an account though but try to select two points, the distance is then shown in the bottom right corner, if not you can just create an account, it’s free for hobby use.
The connecter I used is also very cheap from Aliexpress and it still was PTFE, the center part bacame loose when I tried to press on the antenna so make sure it fits before starting to solder.
About the ground reflector length: I think I did take the extra length into account, the actual length came from the simulation I did which may have been inaccurate but the measurements confirm that the design works as is. I made two antennas like this, one I measured, the second one I just built using the jig and it performed just as good if not better. If you bend the ground reflectors wrong it will still work, the far field will just not be a perfect donut but a slightly distorted one. Bending the reflectors can even be used to get some additional gain in one direction.

(Goempie K) #415

I read the whole thread and hoped to find a conclusion like: This is the best antenna you can buy as an outside antenne. But maybe I missed that part.

But is it fair to say that these 2 options are the best you can buy?


I think this is the best antenna:

But you can ruin any antenna with bad placement. A friend found this to be a bad antenne - when mounted next to a steel drain pipe :open_mouth:
And if your neighbors start complaining about a 2m long pole on top of your roof or if the roof is accessible for more people, then a small antenna like the small DIY GP from schneider_da might be better,

At the end it all depends on the amount of money you want to spend on an antenna and where you can place the antenna. In my friends case, we could not get on the roof and there is no allowance to drill holes in the wall so we had to choose for a small antenna in a piece of PVC pipe that could be tywrapped to the drain pipe (with the antenna above the roof of course).
That antenna is a home built J-pole ( The best antenna in this case: light, slim, less visible to visitors and accepted by the land lord :grin:

(Cdann) #417

I agree height (placement) trumps gain every day of the week.

(Kylix) #418

This is what I get with the default Heltec small antenna. The problem is that it’s very unstable as soon as I move the analyzer.


The analyzer will probably function as a ground plane for the antenna.
When you pick it up/move it, could it be that you influence (extend) the ground plane with your hand/body and that this effects the measurements?

Some thoughts:

I am no expert but I would not be surprised when the analyzer itself would influence the antenna measurements, because of the ground plane effect which may skew the results.
If so then adding a cable between antenna and analyzer will probably reduce the effect (but possibly introduce other side effects).

In other words, how reliable is the measurement when the antenna is directly mounted on the analyzer?
How representative is the analyzer as ground plane for real world situations, and would it maybe be better to add a cable (short enough to be of minimal impact but long enough to reduce analyzer ground plane effects) between analyzer and antenna to test the antenna in a (from ground plane perspective) more representative situation?

(Kylix) #420

Unfortunatelly, I have no pigtail available to do some further tests. Maybe others that bought the same analyzer could try and let us know.


Maybe @Charles can do some tests? :slightly_smiling_face:


Have the same issue, as soon as I move the device, all is changing, best measure (I think) is leaving the device like on the picture (on a table or desktop) without touching it, looks like the best option.

(Remko) #423

Hi, You might try some cable in between DUT and VNA with ferite torroids or so. this will “isolate” DUT form the measuring device.

(Kylix) #424

Maybe we should wear ESD gloves like Andreas Spiess :slight_smile:

(Verkehrsrot) #425

Got my N2201 from Ali today (163€ total, arrived after 13 days). Did also test the Heltec antenna, see picture. Looks like this antenna ich much better than expected. VSWR 1:1,2 - 1:1,3 is an excellent result, i think (?)



great, and you have same results if you put device with antenna on top instead of flat on desktop?

(Verkehrsrot) #427

next i will check in-line with N-2201

(Verkehrsrot) #428

Device not flat on desktop gives completely different result :-((IMG_20180409_235629


FYI: A larger ground plane will lower the center frequency and widen the bandwidth. That effect is clearly visible on your pictures and shows that a ground plane has a substantial effect on the antenna’s functioning and performance.

I don’t have an analyzer like the N2201. But it would be interesting to see some tests with a cable between the analyzer and antenna and test with different ground planes. (See some posts higher up.)

If I remember correctly, a good ground plane for a quarter wave mono-pole should be at least half a wave length in diameter and be ‘grounded’ (connected to mass of the antenna).


fractal PCB design